General & Misc

Bill reducing Food Waste hurdles Final Reading

Date: 07 February 2019; Type: Legal News; Source: House of Representatives

More poor people may be saved from hunger soon as the House of Representatives unanimously approved with 183 votes, House Bill 8873, seeking to reduce food waste through food donations and food waste recycling.

The proposed “Food Waste Reduction Act”, principally authored by Rep. Conrado Estrella III (Party-list, Abono), declares that the State recognizes each person has a right to an adequate standard of living, including sufficient, safe and nutritious food.

The State upholds the policy to attain food security, end hunger, and promote the efficient use of the country’s food resources. The considerable number of people going hungry daily is a breach of a human right that this Act intends to correct, and the massive amount of food wastage produced presents an opportunity for the State to address hunger and improve the quality of life of the underprivileged.

The State shall adopt a system to promote, facilitate and ensure the reduction of food waste through redistribution and recycling. The State shall likewise implement measures to make it mandatory to donate edible food surplus for charitable purposes.

The bill refers to edible food surplus as excess food or surplus food in the retail and consumption stages, determined to be fit for consumption based on standards set by the National Nutrition Council (NNC) and the Food and Drug Administration (FDA).

Establishments covered by the Act are 1) food manufacturers, despite any restriction imposed by any existing law and regulation on them. Any donation made by such manufacturers shall constitute an exception to the applicability of restrictions under existing laws and regulations; 2) food establishments (restaurants, cafes, diners, fast food chains or hotels); supermarkets with at least 500 square meters of selling space; and 4) culinary schools which offer culinary, baking and pastry courses with at least 50 students.

Determination of food insecures shall be made by the Department of Social Welfare and Development (DSWD), in coordination with the local government units (LGUs). Food insecures refer to persons or groups of persons who have no means and/or have difficulty producing or purchasing food.

The NNC, in close coordination with the DSWD, Department of Interior and Local Government (DILG), Department of Environment and Natural Resources (DENR), Department of Education (DepEd), Department of Trade and Industry (DTI), Department of Health (DOH), Department of Science and Technology (DOST), Department of Agriculture (DA),Food and Drug Administration (FDA), other concerned agencies and local government units (LGUs), shall undertake a National Food Surplus Campaign to raise awareness on the impact of food surplus and strategies to reduce wasted food starting at the household level. The campaign shall also promote the food surplus reduction hierarchy and recommend means of reducing individual food waste.

To educate the younger generation, the DepEd shall be mandated to ensure that the prescribed curriculum includes informative materials on the following: a) current global and national food waste situation; b) ways to minimize food surplus; c) national and local food surplus prevention programs; d) food recovery; and e) pertinent provisions of this Act.

Meanwhile, the following steps shall be followed in edible food surplus distribution: 1) establishment owners shall segregate their edible and inedible food surplus; 2) to facilitate distribution, food manufacturers may opt to perform the segregation of their products at the supermarkets that set their products; 3) before a donation is made, a duly accredited health inspector of the local government unit will check if the edible food surplus is fit for consumption based on the standards set by the NNC and FDA; 4) upon certifying that the edible food surplus is fit for consumption, the edible food surplus shall be donated to accredited food banks, as determined by the DSWD; and 5) food banks, in coordination with the DSWD and LGUs shall distribute the edible food surplus to the food insecure.

Food-related establishments shall submit to the DSWD and DENR their respective reports containing data on the amount of their edible and inedible food surplus, organized according to the manner of disposal, including donation, composting, or discarding. They shall also enter into a contract with food banks to redistribute edible food surplus to the food insecures, and ensure the food surplus are in good condition upon arrival at the food banks.

The DSWD, as the overall coordinating agency between food businesses and food banks, shall provide guidelines and standards for the collection, storage, and distribution of edible food donated to food banks.

The LGUs shall initiate waste segregation efforts per household through local campaign. They shall also submit to the DENR their report containing data on the amount of edible food surplus that can be recycled as raw materials for fertilizer or compost.

The bill prohibits the reselling of donated edible and inedible food surplus. The penalty of prision mayor shall be meted on anyone caught reselling these food surplus.

Moreover, a fine amounting to P500,000 shall be imposed on any individual, private or public entity, who makes edible food surplus unfit for consumption. The same penalty shall apply to private or public persons/entities who prevent the redirection of edible food surplus to food banks or inedible food surplus to waste management and recycling enterprises. The fines shall be: first time offenders, P1 million; second-time offenders, P1.5 million; third-time offenders, P2 million; fourth-time offenders, P3 million; and fifth-time offenders, P5 millon.

Within 60 days from the effectivity of the Act, the NNC, in coordination with the DSWD, DILG, DENR, DOST, DepEd and DOH, shall promulgate the necessary rules and regulations for the effective implementation of the Act.

Notice: The Publishers of Asean LIP acknowledge the permission granted by the relevant official/ original source for the reproduction of the above/ attached materials. You shall not reproduce the above/ attached materials in whole or in part without the prior written consent of the Publishers and/or the original/ official source. Neither the Publishers nor the official/ original source will be liable for any loss, injury, claim, liability, or damage caused directly, indirectly or incidentally to errors in or omissions from the above/ attached materials. The Publishers and the official/ original source also disclaim and exclude all liabilities in respect of anything done or omitted to be done in reliance upon the whole or any part of the above/attached materials. The access to, and the use of, Asean LIP and contents herein are subject to the Terms of Use.

Get ASEAN LAW ALERT

Legal updates by e-mail. It's Free.

INDUSTRY UPDATES

Those given Trust, Power should Build a better Nation Based on Rule of Law - Sultan Nazrin

KUALA LUMPUR, Apr 25 (Bernama) - The Sultan of Perak, Sultan Nazrin Shah said those given the trust, power and position, now have the opportunity to build a better Malaysia based on the rule of law.

Read More

INDUSTRY UPDATES

King decides High Court Registry Location on Advice of PM - Sabah Law Society

KOTA KINABALU, Apr 25 (Bernama) - The principal registry of the High Court of Sabah and Sarawak can be relocated to any place in Sabah or Sarawak as determined by the Yang di-Pertuan Agong acting on the advice of the prime minister, the Sabah Law Society (SLS) said today.

Read More

INDUSTRY UPDATES

SC, DOJ Buildings declared Safe

MANILA, Apr 24 (PNA) - Work resumed at the Supreme Court (SC) and the Department of Justice (DOJ) on Wednesday, after the magnitude 6.1 earthquake that shook parts of Luzon including Metro Manila last Monday.

Read More

INDUSTRY UPDATES

SC asked to allow Poll Watchers to take Photos

MANILA, Apr 24 (PNA) - Various individuals and groups asked the Supreme Court (SC) to lift the ban imposed by the Commission on Elections (Comelec) on digital photo taking by watchers of candidates in the May 13 mid-term polls.

Read More

INDUSTRY UPDATES

Makati Court hears Drug Case vs Ex-NBI Exec

MANILA, Apr 24 (PNA) - A prosecution witness positively identified the former acting regional director of the National Bureau of Investigation (NBI) in Central Mindanao as the owner of a 1,000-square meter lot in Virac, Catanduanes, where a shabu laboratory was uncovered three years ago.

Read More

INDUSTRY UPDATES

Mobile Application on Labour Market Information Launched

PUTRAJAYA, Apr 23 (Bernama) - Information on Malaysia's labour market is now available at the fingertips with the launch of a new mobile application, Labour Market Information Gateway or LMI Gateway today.

Read More

INDUSTRY UPDATES

Former Lawyer Pleads not Guilty to CBT Over Client's House Sale Proceeds

KUALA LUMPUR, Apr 23 (Bernama) - A former lawyer pleaded not guilty at the Sessions Court here today to a charge of criminal breach of trust amounting to RM338,000 which was the proceeds from the sale of a house belonging to his client three years ago.

Read More

INDUSTRY UPDATES

Manila Court orders Arrest of Acierto, Seven Others

MANILA, Apr 23 (PNA) - A Manila court has ordered the arrest of former police official Eduardo Acierto and seven others implicated in the smuggling of shabu shipments inside magnetic lifters last year.

Read More

INDUSTRY UPDATES

SC orders Inspection of Court Houses in Quake-Affected Areas

MANILA, Apr 23 (PNA) - Chief Justice Lucas Bersamin on Tuesday ordered an inspection of all court houses in areas affected by the magnitude 6.1 earthquake that hit Luzon on Monday afternoon.

Read More

INDUSTRY UPDATES

Cybersecurity Challenge should be viewed as an Opportunity - Gobind

CYBERJAYA, Apr 23 (Bernama) - A national innovation ecosystem needs to be developed to transform cybersecurity challenges towards forming new opportunities, ideas and solutions, Communications and Multimedia Minister Gobind Singh Deo said today.

Read More

INDUSTRY UPDATES

Malaysia signs ASEAN Trade in Services Agreement

KUALA LUMPUR, Apr 23 (Bernama) - Malaysia has signed the ASEAN Trade in Services Agreement (ATISA) and the Fourth Protocol to Amend the ASEAN Comprehensive Investment Agreement (ACIA).

Read More

INDUSTRY UPDATES

Former Lawyer charged with Criminal Breach of Trust

SEREMBAN, Apr 23 (Bernama) - A former lawyer pleaded not guilty in the Sessions Court here today to criminal breach of trust involving RM198,592.50, nine years ago.

Read More

INDUSTRY UPDATES

PCC seeks Own Probe on Luzon Power Outages

MANILA, Apr 22 (PNA) - The Philippine Competition Commission (PCC) announced that it will investigate allegations of collusion or abuse of dominance among energy companies that led to the recent series of power outages in Luzon.

Read More

INDUSTRY UPDATES

Right to Freedom of Religion guaranteed under Federal Constitution

KOTA BELUD, Apr 21 (Bernama) - The right to freedom of religion of every Malaysian is guaranteed under the Federal Constitution, said Sabah Rural Development Minister Datuk Ewon Benedick.

Read More

INDUSTRY UPDATES

Sabah and Sarawak High Court Registrar's Office to move to Kota Kinabalu

SANDAKAN, Apr 21 (Bernama) -- Minister in the Prime Minister’s Department Datuk Liew Vui Keong today confirmed that the Office of the Registrar of the Sabah and Sarawak High Court will be relocated from Kuching to Kota Kinabalu.

Read More