Some notable measures include providing vocational guidance, training and other related services to enable persons with disabilities to secure and retain employment, and ensuring they have access to rehabilitation counselors.
Equality of opportunity and treatment is a fundamental principle of social justice. The Vietnamese Government has recognised that ratifying ILO Convention 159 will enable Vietnam to continue aligning its legal framework with international labour standards to protect vulnerable worker groups.
This ratification is a further step to strengthen the country’s existing legal framework to support people with disabilities, which includes the 2010 Law on Persons with Disabilities, the 2012 National Action Plan to Support People with Disabilities to provide vocational training and jobs for 250,000 people with disabilities and the ratification of the UN Convention on the Rights of Persons with Disabilities in 2014.
Vietnam will continue its commitment to equal opportunities for people with disabilities by creating policy incentives for enterprises. Monitoring and inspection of policy implementation will also be strengthened at vocational training institutions and workplaces.
“The inclusion of workers with disabilities means leaving no one behind in the economic and labour market development,” said ILO Vietnam Director Chang-Hee Lee. “It is not only a matter of human rights but also of business success. By including people with disabilities, companies, individuals and society at large all win.”
An ILO study concluded Vietnam loses about 3 percent of its Gross Domestic Product as the result of the exclusion of persons with disabilities from the labour market.
According to ILO Labour Economist Valentina Barcucci, “much of the exclusion and disadvantage that people with disabilities face are not due to their individual impairments”.
“They are a consequence of how society and the workplace react to that impairment,” she said. “Policy and legislation are a demonstration of such reaction, and a critical step to lead change.”
By focusing on skills rather than stereotypes, employers can access an untapped pool of talent.
Convention 159 is the 23rd ILO convention Vietnam has ratified. It will be effective 12 months from the date of submission of Vietnam’s dossier to be registered with the ILO Director General.
Vietnam also plans to ratify Convention 98 on the Right to Organise and Collective Bargaining - one of the remaining fundamental conventions - by the end of 2019.